The tribal social structure which has traditionally been homogeneouos only stratified to the extent of clan and kin-has now witnesses inequality resulting from the massive social change brought about by the working of tribal development plans. The change over has, on one hand solved some of the problems of 'isolation', backarness, and subsistance economy, and on the other put the tribals to problems which are characterstic to the developing economy. The present enquiry looks into this tribal problem with the structure and role of elites. In the traditional tribal social structure the status of elites has recently assumed vital importance. The elites who were victims of non-tribal, colonial and feudal oppression, have now become themselves exploiters of the masses of tribal people. How is it that the development programmes which are meant for the common tribals have actually been cornered by a few rich segments only? How does sociology explain it? Our main concern in this work is to interpret the tribal stratification vis-a-vis the tribal elites in the context of wider national perspective.