This study of Personnel management in India presents the findings of a field survey on training and functions of peprsonnel officers, the first of its kind to be undertaken in India, in which questionnaries were sent out to 2000 practicing personnel officers. It brings out revealing data on, and considered views of, personnel officers from all over the country and gives an assessnebt in retrospect and prosepct of the main trends that have, an impact on the future of personnel management in India. The historical evolution of personnel management in the west id given against the backgraound of which development in India have been traced in detail. The theoretical and conceptual development are given as a frame of reference against which the profiles of personnel officers are presented. The professional training, functions and job satisfaction of the personnel functionaries are discussed along with an assessment of the various training programmes in India in social work and labour welfare. The thinking of officers on majour issues in personnel management includes, among other things, their assesment of the attitudes of management, department heads and trade union leaders towards personnel functins. Issues such as statutory appointment of welfare officers and the relevance of social work education and legal training have been taken up for detailed discussion along with the emerging trends which are bound to have their impact on the future of personnem management.