The increase in life-expectancy at birth being a global phenomenon, which has led rise to the proportion of older age group within entire population all over the world. In India also the population of aged is the fastest growing compared to toher age groups. With the rise in their population, the aged as a group are facing number of socio-economic and psychological problems. In fact these problems are byproduct of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration. The impact of these problems have affected our traditional culture and values of respect and reverence for the aged. The social support structure i.e. joint family, caste-system and village community is no longer able to discharge its duties and responsibilities towards the elderly population. India is a welfare state and it cannot ignore for long the problems of aged. Today there is need of broad based public social security system and welfare services for the aged in general in India. Planners, administrators, social scientists and non-governmental organisation should intervene to sensitise the government and public at large for implementing comprehensive social security system and upgrading the welfare services for paper rehabilitation of the aged. The author has highlighted in dept the socio-psychological needs and problems of 603 (530 non-institutionalished and 73 institutionalished) sample population of aged living in different parts of Rajasthan. There is no doubt that a comprehensive study of his nature ehich not only discusses the needs and problems, but also recommends certain social intervention of the aged will be welcomed by social scientist and laymen at large.