The tribal groups of Rajasthan as elsewhere in the country are at a crossroad today. They are exposed to the forces of modernization including the interaction with the allopathic medicine. On one hand, they want to retain some of the attributes of their age-old traditions of healing and on the other, are keen to adopt to the emerging new way of national life. The social dilemma is crucial for them. In the present study which is a part of medical sociology, the author makes an intensive study of the tribal neighborhoods of a city. The tribal migrants, the author informs, have increasingly taken to modern allopathy. The acceptance is final provided they have financial resources to go for allopathy. The nostalgia for traditional healing methods, however, clings to their social structure.