The book is prepared with an efforts to resent Research & Development activities carried out in India in the field of Energy Plantation or Fuel wood Production improvement. It contains technical papers covering various aspects to wide spectrum of Biomass Production techniques, economics, in different agro-climate in India. The economic feasibility of utilization of fuel wood in different gadgets for power elaborates the different papers presented in National Workshop on Economics of Energy Plantation Programme held at Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner. Emphasis on wide range of R & D in energy plantation programme contributed by Indian Scientists, Researchers & Technologists through the projects supported by Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Ministry of Power & Non-Conventional Energy, Govt. of India is given in the book. It contains aspects of technical & economics of plantation in moist wasteland, sodic soils, arid and semi-arid region and on problematic & marginal lands and economical utilization of produce.